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Mathematics Colloquium


Date:  Tuesday, March 04, 2008

Title:  Murphy's Law in algebraic geometry: Badly-behaved moduli spaces

Abstract:  We consider the question: "How bad can the deformation space of an object be?'' (Alternatively: "What singularities can appear on a moduli space?'') The answer seems to be: "Unless there is some a priori reason otherwise, the deformation space can be arbitrarily bad.'' We show this for a number of important moduli spaces. More precisely, up to smooth parameters, every singularity that can be described by equations with integer coefficients appears on moduli spaces parameterizing: smooth projective surfaces (or higher-dimensional manifolds); smooth curves in projective space (the space of stable maps, or the Hilbert scheme); plane curves with nodes and cusps; stable sheaves; isolated threefold singularities; and more. The objects themselves are not pathological, and are in fact as nice as can be. This justifies Mumford's philosophy that even moduli spaces of well-behaved objects should be arbitrarily bad unless there is an a priori reason otherwise. I will begin by telling you what "moduli spaces'' and "deformation spaces'' are. The complex-minded listener can work in the holomorphic category; the arithmetic listener can think in mixed or positive characteristic. This talk is intended to be (mostly) comprehensible to a broad audience.

Speaker:  Ravi Vakil
Institution:  Stanford University


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