Seminar Event Detail

Applied Interdisciplinary Mathematics (AIM)

Date:  Friday, October 14, 2016
Location:  1084 East Hall (3:00 PM to 4:00 PM)

Title:  Micro/meso numerical modeling of flows laden with particles of arbitrary shape

Abstract:   Particulate flows are ubiquitous in environmental, geophysical and engineering processes. The intricate dynamics of these two-phase flows is governed by momentum transfer between the continuous fluid phase and the dispersed particulate phase. When significant temperature differences exist between the fluid and particles and/or chemical reactions take place at the fluid/particle interfaces, the phases also exchange heat and/or mass, respectively. While some multi-phase processes may be successfully modeled at the continuum scale through closure approximations, an increasing number of applications require resolution across scales, e.g. dense suspensions, fluidized beds. Within a multi-scale micro/meso/macro-framework, we develop robust numerical models at the micro and meso scales, based on a Distributed Lagrange Multiplier/Fictitious Domain method and a two-way Euler/Lagrange method, respectively. Collisions between finite size particles are modeled with a Discrete Element Method. Many real-life processes and/or flows involve non-spherical particles. Although there is still a lot to learn about flows laden with spherical particles, there is also a strong incentive to develop new modeling tools to account for non-spherical, angular, convex or even non-convex particles. We discuss assorted issues related to the numerical modeling of flows laden with particles of arbitrary shape. Along the way, we also address high performance computing issues related to our massively parallel numerical tools and challenges to efficiently transfer knowledge from small scales to large scales. We illustrate the modeling capabilities of our tools on the two following problems relevant of applications from the chemical engineering and process industry: (i) a rotating drum filled with non-convex particles and (ii) fixed and fluidized beds of multilobic (and hence non-convex) particles.


Speaker:  Anthony Wachs
Institution:  University of British Columbia

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