Seminar Event Detail

Applied Interdisciplinary Mathematics (AIM)

Date:  Friday, September 22, 2017
Location:  1084 East Hall (3:00 PM to 4:00 PM)

Title:  The optimal design of wall-bounded heat transport

Abstract:   Flowing a fluid is a familiar and efficient way to cool: fans cool electronics, water cools nuclear reactors, and the atmosphere cools the surface of the Earth. In this talk, we discuss a class of problems from fluid dynamics which ask for the design of incompressible wall-bounded flows achieving optimal rates of heat transport for a given flow intensity budget. Guided by a perhaps unexpected connection between this optimal design problem and various "energy-driven pattern formation" problems from materials science, we construct flows achieving nearly optimal rates of heat transport in their scaling with respect to the intensity budget. The resulting flows share striking similarities with self-similar elastic wrinkling patterns, such as can be seen in the shape of a hanging drape or nearby the edge of a torn plastic sheet. They also remind of (carefully designed versions) of the complex multi-scale patterns seen in turbulent fluids. Nevertheless, we prove that in certain cases natural buoyancy-driven convection is not capable of achieving optimal rates of cooling. This is joint work with Charlie Doering.


Speaker:  Ian Tobasco
Institution:  University of Michigan

Event Organizer:   AIM seminar organizers   


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