|Date: Wednesday, January 15, 2020
Location: 4096 East Hall (4:00 PM to 5:20 PM)
Title: The local type of difference equations
Abstract: D-modules allow us to study differential equations through the lens of algebraic geometry. They are widely studied and have been shown to be full of structure. In contrast, the case of difference equations is lacking some of the most basic constructions. We focus on the following question: D-modules have a clear notion of what it means to restrict to a (formal) neighborhood of a point, namely extension of scalars to a power series ring. However, what does it mean to restrict a difference equation to a neighborhood of a point? I will give an answer which encompasses the intuitive notions of a "zero" and a "pole" of a difference equation, but further it is consistent in two more ways. First of all, we can show that restricting a difference equation to a point and to its complement is enough to recover the difference equation. Secondly, there exists a local Mellin transform analogous to the local Fourier transform. The local Fourier transform describes singularities of a D-module on the affine line in terms of the singularities of its Fourier transform. Similarly, the Mellin transform is an equivalence between D-modules on the punctured affine line and difference modules on the line, and we can relate singularities on both sides via this local Mellin transform. I will also talk about how to apply the same ideas to other kinds of difference equations, such as elliptic equations, which generalize difference and differential equations at once.
Speaker: Moises Herradon Cueto